This section contains easy-to-understand documents that describe the science and applications of our innovative products, and articles related to bacteria and infection control. We keep it current so please check back often!

Latest Articles

March 4, 2015 – McDonald’s Moving to Limit Antibiotic Use in Chickens: The decision by McDonald’s, which is also the largest buyer of chicken in the United States is likely to have a major impact on how poultry is raised.

Recent Articles

January 10, 2015 – Op-Ed: The myths around Teixobactin: The breaking science news story of the week has been the announcement of a new antibiotic called Teixobactin and its apparent “superbug” battling qualities. Although welcome, it is important to consider the antibiotic itself beyond the hyperbole.


January 8, 2015 – How the First Antibiotic in 30 Years Was Grown in Dirt: After decades of using the same old methods, researchers have developed the first new antibiotic in three decades. But it’s at least 5 years away.

Recent Articles

September 26, 2014 – Hard Surface Biocontrol in Hospitals Using Microbial-Based Cleaning Products: Healthcare-Associated Infections (HAIs) are one of the most frequent complications occurring in healthcare facilities. Contaminated environmental surfaces provide an important potential source for transmission of many healthcare-associated pathogens, thus indicating the need for new and sustainable strategies.


September 30, 2014 – Making the indoors safer for allergy sufferers: For the many people who suffer from allergies, though, the allergens in dust-mite feces and body parts can lead to chronic sinus problems and coughing, among other symptoms. If gone untreated, the problem can escalate to eczema and asthma.


September 11, 2014 – New York Times – What We’re Afraid to Say About Ebola: The Ebola epidemic in West Africa has the potential to alter history as much as any plague has ever done.


September 8, 2014 – How Long Can Germs Live?: University of Buffalo researchers in New York published a study December 27 in the journal Infection and Immunity that found that Streptococcus pneumoniae and Streptococcus pyogenes can live on surfaces such as toys, books, and cribs for weeks or even months.


September 8, 2014- Viruses can spread through buildings in just hours, study finds: Viruses can contaminate a single doorknob or elevator button and then spread through an entire office, hotel, or health care facility within two to four hours, the study found.


August 27, 2014 – LAKE ERIE ALGAE; Water alert is issued to residents of Pelee Island: Toxic algae blooms have developed on Lake Erie since the mid-1990s, and the contaminants overwhelmed Toledo’s water treatment plant on Aug. 2, driving the level of the toxin microcystin above the 1 part per billion level the World Health Organization says is safe. A do-not-drink advisory was issued for more than 500,000 customers. For more than two days, residents scrambled to find bottled water. People had to avoid tap water to cook, bathe, dishes, or laundry.


August 13, 2014 – Avoid the back-to-school plague: As millions of children head back to school, teachers and parents are dreading the “Back-to-School Plague.” Schools are full of hot zones for germs. First published in 2013.


June 25, 2014 – New molecule against Superbug NDM-1: But even if all goes well, it will be another ten years of development and clinical trials before this therapy reaches the market, Wright says. This molecule also won’t solve the wider problem of antibiotic resistance, adds Dr. Allison McGeer , an infectious disease specialist at Mount Sinai Hospital — bacteria have a constantly evolving arsenal of antibiotic-defeating strategies at their disposal.


May 29, 2014 – Preventing the Spread of Illness in Child Care or School: The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) discusses important things to consider when selecting a childcare provider.


May 25, 2014 – Biofilm Myths And Facts: Exploring the science behind an unpleasant problem caused by poor cleaning.


May, 2014 – The War Against Bacteria That Cause Diseases in Dairy Farms: Investing in high-tech equipment to treat water.


April 30, 2014 – Drug-resistant ‘superbugs’ now a global threat, says WHO: Drug-resistant “superbugs” have now spread to every corner of the world, threatening to make diseases like gonorrhea and tuberculosis more difficult — or even impossible — to treat, according to the World Health Organization’s first global study of antibiotic resistance.


April 18, 2014 – Contagious horse infection ‘strangles’ confirmed in Windsor: Horse owners in the Windsor area are coping with a possible outbreak of strangles, the horse equivalent of strep throat. Tests by the Avon Animal Hospital in Windsor have confirmed the bacterial infection on one farm.


April, 2014 – Antimicrobial resistance: global report on surveillance 2014: Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) threatens the effective prevention and treatment of an ever-increasing range of infections caused by bacteria, parasites, viruses and fungi. An increasing number of governments around the world are devoting efforts to a problem so serious that it threatens the achievements of modern medicine. A post-antibiotic era – in which common infections and minor injuries can kill – far from being an apocalyptic fantasy, is instead a very real possibility for the 21st Century.


February 14, 2014 – Can Probiotics Clear Your Acne?: By acting as a shield on the skin, topical probiotics are thought to interfere with the colonization of acne-and-inflammation causing bacteria. In a recent pilot study, a 0.2 percent topical of phytosphingosine for 8 weeks reduced pustules by 89 percent. Another study on a probiotic lotion found it reduced inflammatory lesions by more than 50 percent over the placebo lotion.


January 26, 2014 – Top 5 Tips for Avoiding Germs & Infections at the Gym: This article covers 5 easy ways your can avoid coming into contact with germs and decrease the likelihood of getting a bacterial or fungal infection at the gym. It mentions the importance of maintaining the natural balance of microflora on your skin.


January 23, 2014 – Food Safety News – Salmonella Biofilms Extremely Resistant to Disinfectants: Researchers have discovered that common disinfectants face an uphill battle killing Salmonella once it has had the time to form a biofilm – a community of cells that attach to each other and a surface, increasing the density of bacterial growth and providing support from harsh environments.


January 13, 2014 – Stopping the Spread of Germs at home, work and school: Healthy habits can protect everyone from getting germs or spreading germs at home, work, or school. Clean and disinfect surfaces or objects.


January 1, 2014– Poultry farm hygiene: microbiological quality assessment of drinking water used in layer chickens managed under the battery cage and deep litter systems at three poultry farms in southwestern Nigeria.

2013 Articles

December 18, 2013 – MRSA bacteria target crowded places with poor hygiene: New strains of MRSA, a drug-resistant bacteria, are emerging nationwide. Though cases once were confined to hospitals, they are showing up in schools, prisons and athletic facilities – even NFL locker rooms.


December 16, 2013 – FDA: Antibacterial soaps could pose health risks: The Food and Drug Administration issued a proposed rule requiring manufacturers to prove that their antibacterial cleaners are safe and more effective than plain soap and water.


December 13, 2013 – Basic Information about Pathogens and Indicators in Drinking Water: The bacteria grow best in warm water, like the kind found in hot tubs, cooling towers, hot water tanks, large plumbing systems, or parts of the.


December 2, 2013 – On the hunt for mastitis-causing bacteria: Although many different bacteria can cause mastitis, our research team at the Western College of Veterinary Medicine (WCVM) is particularly interested in a group of bacteria called coagulase-negative staphylococci (CNS). These bacteria generally cause infections that are very hard to detect because the cows show no clinical symptoms. As major pathogens that cause mastitis become better controlled, the prevention of CNS is increasingly critical to dairy farmers.


Nov 27, 2013 – Microbiological comparison of hand-drying methods: the potential for contamination of the environment, user, and bystander: Jet air and warm dryers result in increased bacterial aerosolization.


Nov 12, 2013 – Staph Infection from the Gym: Staph or staphylococcus bacteria often live on the skin or nose of healthy people, causing no harm. However, staph can cause infections that can be serious. MRSA, or methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus, is an antibiotic resistant staph bacteria that is worth avoiding. According to PBS, MRSA causes about 19,000 deaths a year.


October 28, 2013: Battling Biofilms in Aging Water Infrastructure: Biofilms are very common in nature, especially on water and food contact surfaces. The interiors of almost all water distribution system eventually develop biofilms that may harbour pathogenic microbes.


September 16, 2013 – Pig-manure fertilizer linked to human MRSA infections: Living near livestock farms and manure-treated fields associated with higher rates of antibiotic-resistant infection.


September 17, 2013 – Drug-resistant -superbugs- deemed urgent threat in U.S.: Deadly pathogens killing more than 23,000 people each year, landmark study finds.


September 12, 2013 – Disease control in Norwegian salmon aquaculture with emphasis on Pancreas Disease and salmon louse: Disease is one of the most challenging issues facing the Norwegian fish farming industry today. Infectious diseases caused by bacteria, viruses or parasites impair fish welfare, lead to profit losses and can potentially also have negative consequences for consumers.


September 3, 2013 – Hospital-Acquired Infections Cost $10 Billion a Year: The five most common infections that patients get after they’ve been admitted to the hospital cost the U.S. health care system almost $10 billion a year, a new study shows.


July 24, 2013 – MRSA: Farming up trouble: Microbiologists are trying to work out whether use of antibiotics on farms is fuelling the human epidemic of drug-resistant bacteria.


July 9, 2013 – Factory Farm Workers Are Carrying An Antibiotic-Resistant Pig Bacteria: According to a new study, workers at factory hog farms that use antibiotics are far more likely to contract the drug-resistant bacteria from the pigs than workers at antibiotic-free operations. This finding puts a huge dent in the meat industry’s argument that blanket antibiotic use in animals is perfectly safe. Conventional factory farms regularly dose their livestock with antibiotics, regardless of whether or not they are sick. More than 70 percent of all antibiotics sold in the U.S. go to pigs, cows, chickens, turkey, and other meat animals. As a result, drug-resistant superbugs are on the rise; earlier this year, the FDA determined that more than half the meat in the U.S. contains antibiotic-resistant strains of bacteria including salmonella and Campylobacteron.


July 3, 2013 Germs in the gym got you worried?: Exercise may not be the only thing you get at the gym. Gyms, fitness centres and yoga studios are great places for the transmission or exchange of germs, bacteria, viruses and fungi. Researchers have found E. coli, strep bacteria and the influenza virus in gyms and on athletic equipment.


June 21, 2013 – Hand Dryers Increase Bacteria by 255%: Washing the hands, and then using paper towels or continuous-loop cotton towels reduced the bacterial count by about 45–60 per cent. But washing, and then using a warm-air dryer actually increased the bacterial count by an average of 255 per cent.


June 12, 2013 – Study Links Bacteria in Processed Chickens to Contamination on Farm: The levels of bacteria in broiler chickens at the processing plant appears to be related to the amount of bacteria found among birds on the farm, according to a new study.


May 31, 2013: Investigators link poultry contamination on farm and at processing plant: The team suggests that fewer pathogens on the farm would reduce contamination levels at the processing plant, and notes that “vaccination of breeder hens, competitive exclusion products and the use of acidified water during feed withdrawal” have all reduced Salmonella in commercial broiler flocks.


May 12, 2013 – Study finds that 1 in 12 Canadian adults in hospital have MRSA or another superbug: On any given day, about one in 12 adults in hospitals across Canada are either colonized or infected with a superbug, the first national survey to determine the prevalence of antibiotic-resistant organisms has found.


April 29, 2013 – Superbugs: Why we should fear them: Resistance to antibiotics is growing and drug companies are doing little to respond. Some scientists are warning of deadly consequences.


April 27, 2013 – Hospital Acquired Infections – kill more than breast cancer: The bugs patients catch while in care sicken 250,000 patients annually and kill between 8,000 and 12,000 Canadians. They are one of the leading causes of death in this country; to get a sense of their scope, consider that they kill twice as many people as breast cancer.


April 16, 2013 – To Beat Bad Breath, Keep the Bacteria in Your Mouth Happy: Recent evidence from international research suggests, however, that the most effective strategy for beating back bad breath may be more about nurturing helpful bacteria in the mouth than about destroying the offending germs and their by-products.


March 11, 2013 – MRSA kills more people in the US than AIDS: Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) was responsible for an estimated 94,000 life-threatening infections and 18,650 deaths in 2005, CDC researchers report in the Oct. 17 issue of The Journal of the American Medical Association.

2012 Articles

December 12, 2012 – Survival and biofilm formation of bacterial pathogens on surfaces: Disinfectants have limited effects on surface-adhered bacteria and biofilms.


July 10, 2012 – Do biofilms on dry hospital surfaces change how we think about hospital disinfection?: Biofilms are known to be important in several areas of medicine including indwelling medical devices and endoscope tubing, usually associated with surface-water interfaces. However, it was unclear whether biofilms formed on dry hospital surfaces. The study by Vickery et al. ‘destructively sampled’ several hospital surfaces after cleaning and disinfection using bleach (i.e. cut the materials out of the hospital environment and took them to the lab for analysis). Scanning electron microscopy was used to examine the surfaces for biofilms, which were identified on 5/6 surfaces: a curtain, a blind cord, a plastic door, a washbasin and a reagent bucket. Furthermore, MRSA was identified in the biofilm on three of the surfaces.


February 22, 2012 – Bacteria and the gym: The National Athletic Trainer’s Association’s report in the Journal of Athletic Training lists several fungal, viral and bacterial infections that cause skin infections commonly passed between athletes at the gym.


January 30, 2012: New probiotic bacteria shows promise for use in shellfish aquaculture: The use of probiotic bacteria, isolated from naturally-occurring bacterial communities, is gaining in popularity in the aquaculture industry as the preferred, environmentally-friendly management alternative to the use of antibiotics and other antimicrobials for disease prevention.


January 16, 2012 – Antibiotics Breed Drug-Resistant Bacteria in Pigs: After being exposed to antibiotics for only 2 weeks, a drastic rise in drug-resistant E. coli has been detected in guts of pigs.